Thursday, October 15, 2009


MACHU PICCHU located high in the Andes mountain .It lies 48 miles northwest of Cuzco at the top of a range.

MACHU PICCHU means "OLD PEAK" and it most likely compose of royal estate and religious retreat . It was built between the year of 1460 and 1470AD by the Incan ruler of the Inca civilization named Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui .

At the altitude of 8 000 feat , that mountain comprised of approximately around 200 building at the top and countless building bellow the ridge .

there are about 1 200 of people lived in the Machu Picchu but there are many more of it's citizen living around the mountain ridge so that it was easier for them to come and visit the temple and give some sacrifice according to their monk . Most of the people that lived in is women , child and architects .

Most of the structure build there is from the granite block cut by using conventional tools such as bronze and stone axes . The houses that design and built by the architect had steep thatched roof and trapezoidal doors . Some of the houses were two stories tall .

The Incas planted crops such as potatoes and maize at Machu Picchu as the source of food and use it as trading stuff in the trading market .

One of the most important thing found at Machu Picchu is the Inthihuatana , It was a column of stone that rising from a block of stone the sized of a grand piano . Inthihuatana means ' For Tying The Sun ' or translated as ' Hitching Post Of The Sun ' . Mummies have also been found there and most of the mummies were women .

The other mysterial building in the Machu Picchu is The Royal Tomb that has been the site of mummies excavations . More than 100 skeletal remain discovered here and 80% of the mummies were women .

The other famous building in Machu Picchu is The Temple Of Condor and it was the example of the Inca stonemasory . On the floor of the temple is a rock carved in the shape of the condor's head and neck with feathers , completing the figure of a bird . Lastly , the Intiwatana is the only one of its kind that not being lopped off by the Spanish conquerrors .

The information above was taken from the internet . My observation about Machu Picchu is it was a interesting place to visit for the whole family because we can get new knowledge about the ancient civilization and Machu Picchu as the mega city of its time .